From spotting a drowning child to recognizing swimmer's ear, we've got you covered.

Summer in North Texas means spending lots of time in the water, if for no other reason than to stay cool. But wouldn't you know it, there are plenty of hazards in our pools, creeks, lakes and oceans that should concern us. Including, for starters, water itself. Drowning is the second leading cause of accidental death in children, as one Dallas father nearly learned the hard way.

Then there's the stuff in the water we can't see — including bacteria and chemicals — that can cause a host of recreational water illnesses, or RWIs. These include common infections such as swimmer's ear and the rare but potentially deadly effects of flesh-eating bacterium.

So grab your life vest and stick with us. We'll show you how to keep your family water-safe so you can enjoy your summer.

Spot the drowning child.

Could you? It's harder than you might think.

Thankfully for one father, the staff at his son's swim camp was able to spot and rescue 4-year-old Kerem in time. Here's Dallas resident Berk Guvelioglu's story:

My wife and I wanted our son to learn to swim, so we found a swimming day camp at a local school and enrolled him. One week into the program, we got a call from the camp director telling us that Kerem had experienced some breathing problems. We rushed to the school and then to Medical City Children's Hospital in Dallas to find that Kerem had been pulled out of the pool in near-drowning condition.

He stayed in the hospital for 8 days; 5 in the ICU. We were very fortunate because Kerem recovered fully; he's now a healthy 8-year-old. But being that our son nearly drowned in a swimming class, we've accepted the fact that water is inherently risky. We've learned to think of water safety in terms of layers.

Also, you need to maintain a line of sight on your children and realize, as in most drowning cases, there is no yelling or screaming — they are very quiet.

Flesh-eating bacteria and other RWIs.

According to the CDC, recreational water illnesses can be caught through contact with contaminated water in swimming pools, hot tubs, water parks, water play areas, interactive fountains, lakes, rivers or oceans and include a variety of infections:

  • Diarrheal illnesses
  • Rashes
  • Ear infections
  • Respiratory infections
  • Chemical irritation of the eyes and lungs
  • Flesh-eating bacterial illnesses from the Vibrio bacterium

Ok, we added that last one to the CDC's list, but given the past problem in Texas's waters, we thought it worth mentioning. Cases of Vibrio are extremely rare and most people who come in contact with it won't develop symptoms. Experts recommend avoiding swimming with open wounds and ingesting raw seaweed to reduce the risk of infection.

Swimmer's ear.

Swimmer's ear, or otitis externa, is much more common but easily prevented and treated. This condition results from inflammation, irritation or infection of the outer ear.

Symptoms of swimmer's ear include:

  • Pain, especially if you pull on the outer ear
  • Itching of the ear or ear canal
  • Drainage from the ear, which may be yellow or yellow-green and pus-like or foul smelling

The American Academy of Otolaryngology cites moisture in the ear canal — from baths, showers, swimming or other humid environments — as a common source of infection. If left untreated, the condition can cause recurring ear infections, spread to other parts of the ear, and eventually lead to hearing loss.

Prevent swimmer's ear:

  • Avoid swimming in polluted water
  • Use ear plugs when swimming (or bathing, if your child is prone to ear infections)
  • Dry ears with a dry towel or hair dryer (on low setting at least 12 inches from ears)
  • If your child has problems with wax buildup, have ears cleaned periodically by a medical professional
  • Never use cotton swabs to clean ears — they only pack wax and debris deeper into the ear canal

Treat swimmer's ear:

  • Apply over-the-counter ear drops after swimming (and before getting in water to help prevent swimmer's ear) or make homemade drops with equal parts white vinegar and rubbing alcohol
    • The vinegar will prevent bacterial growth and the alcohol will dry the ears
    • Lie down on side with affected ear facing up, fill ear with drops until full
    • Remain lying down for several minutes so the drops can be absorbed
    • Roll over and repeat to other ear
  • See your doctor if you suspect an infection; antibiotics may be needed

Medical City Healthcare wishes you and your family a water-safe summer, but if you find yourself in over your head, one of our many Medical City ER locations across North Texas can throw you a lifeline. With average wait times posted online, if you do have an emergency, you can spend less time waiting and more time on the moments that matter most.

Find a fast Medical City ER near you or call our free, 24/7 Ask a Nurse hotline.

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Revised 3/26/2018

The post Know How to Avoid Water Injuries and Illnesses appeared first on LifeSigns.