The controversial Netflix series about a teenage girl's suicide, "13 Reasons Why," has kids and parents everywhere talking. In our previous blog, Five Opportunities and Insights from "13 Reasons Why," a Medical City Green Oaks Hospital adolescent psychiatrist discussed the show's potential impact on teenagers. But there are other populations that are at even higher risk for suicide: older adults. Medical experts at the Geriatric Behavioral Unit at Medical City North Hills are hoping the Selena Gomez-produced series, which has just been renewed for season two, will also bring attention to the disturbing rates of senior suicide.
The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention reports that from 1999 to 2011, suicide rates among adults 45 to 64 years of age jumped 40 percent. Statistics show that this trend is continuing.
Suicide rates by age (per 100,000 individuals) from 2000 through 2015
- 19.6 (45-64)
- 19.4 (85 and older)
- 17.1 (35-44)
- 16.1 (65-84)
- 15.5 (20-34)
- 3 (Under 20)
The sense of loss of control over one's life, from financial circumstances or the pain and physical disability associated with chronic health problems, can contribute to depression, a key factor for suicidal thoughts in older adults, a counselor with Medical City North Hills' Geriatric Behavior Unit said.
Texas ranks near the bottom — No. 41 — in number of deaths by suicide but even so, on average, one person dies by suicide every three hours in the state.
Other factors that influence senior suicide rates include:
- Gender and age: Middle-aged white males have the highest suicide rate and accounted for 7 of 10 suicides in 2015 (men of all ages die by suicide 3.5 times more often than women)
- A previous diagnosis of mental illness: This accounts for more than 90% of suicide deaths, regardless of age
- Social isolation: Including from death of a spouse or divorce
- Substance abuse
- Poor sleep quality and having trouble falling asleep: These factors increased seniors' risk of suicide by 1.2 times, according to a JAMA Psychiatry study
It's vitally important for family members to take note of changes in sleeping or eating habits in elderly loved ones. You should consider all verbal remarks about ending a life as a sign for intervention or assistance. Those types of comments should be taken seriously and professional mental health help should be sought immediately.
The good news is, depression is not a normal part of aging, but a true and treatable medical condition. According to the CDC, the majority of older adults aren't depressed and most who are can get relief from their symptoms with treatment.
Warning signs of senior suicide.
If you see any of these warning signs in a spouse or loved one, seek immediate medical help.
- Loss of interest in hobbies or activities previously enjoyed
- Decreased social interaction, self-care and grooming
- Breaking medical regimens, including going off diets, refusing medications
- Significant personal loss, such as the death or impending death of a loved one
- Feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness
- Putting affairs in order, giving away possessions, making changes to a will
- Stockpiling medications or obtaining other lethal means (remove access to firearms; about half of all suicides are attributed to the use of firearms, according to the CDC)
- Preoccupation with death or loss of regard for personal safety
- Comments indicating finality, including "This is the last time you'll see me," or "I won't be needing any more appointments"
- Talking about or attempting suicide
The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800-273-8255) provides free and confidential resources and support for people of all ages in distress or crisis.
Call Medical City Green Oaks Hospital's crisis line 24/7/365 at (972) 770-0818.
For fast, emergency help in a crisis, look to one of our many Medical City ER locations across North Texas. With average wait times posted online, if you do have an emergency, you can spend less time waiting and more time on the moments that matter most.